DIET - EXERCISE - FITNESS For Life
Are you really hungry? or are you simply eating out of habit?
Diets don't work long term. Lifestyle changes & Diet do!
We hope that this diet section will be helpful in presenting you with facts and options that will help you in your quest for permanent weight loss.
You can get
the same results by doing sit-ups and pushups, the difference being, less
strain on your lower back. Interestingly, the stronger your stomach
muscles, the stronger your back.
Every day that you exercise & eat properly is likely adding another day to your life.
It is a type of exercise that overloads the heart and
lungs and causes them to work harder than at rest. The important idea behind
aerobic exercise today, is to get up and get moving!! There are more
activities than ever to choose from, whether it is a new activity or an old
one. Find something you enjoy doing that keeps your heart rate elevated for a
continuous time period and get moving to a healthier life.
Source: ACSM (American College of Sports Medicine)
Balance exercise: Do some or all of these exercises every day for best results. For those with balance problems initially, have someone standing nearby to support you if you are concerned you might fall, especially for the ones where you’re closing your eyes, since this is the most challenging. Speak with your doctor before doing these exercises if you have a beyond normal balance problems.
- Stork: One
of the simplest exercises to improve balance is to stand on one leg, keep
your arms at your side with your shoulders relaxed, and try to balance for 30
seconds. Repeat one to two times with each leg every day. Over the next few
weeks, try to work up to two minutes.
The bicep and
triceps muscles are the large muscle groups that bend and straighten the
elbow. The biceps are located on the front of the upper arm and the triceps
are located on the back. As noted by the name, two muscles form the biceps
while three muscles form the triceps.
Isometric Elbow Flexion
BASAL METABOLIC RATE (BMR)
Basal metabolic rate is the amount of energy your body needs to maintain normal function while at rest. If you can increase your basal metabolic rate, you can increase your body's capability of burning more calories while at rest, making it less likely that your body will store fat. How do we do this? Let's start with your diet. Have you ever consumed a large meal and felt very tired and sleepy afterward? Chances are the meal contained a lot of fat and/or a lot of hard-to- digest foods which decreases your basal metabolic rate. What happens is the body has to break down the food you ate, and if it's a high fat meal and/or food that is hard to digest, it will take a considerable amount of energy and time to break down those fats and/or foods so that they can either be used by the body, or stored in the adipose tissue. Look at your body as a machine. By feeding it a high-fat meal and/or hard-to-digest foods, you just gave it a lot of work to do, therefore leaving you with not too much energy. This type of meal lowers your basal metabolic rate, increasing the chances of fat storage at rest. It is better to eat whole-unprocessed nutritious foods your body can utilize without much effort, meaning the less fat and/or hard-to-digest foods your diet contains the better.
either bicycle outside or indoors. Outside bicycling is fun and good for you
in many ways. You not only get to work out your muscles but can get fresh air
With a stationary bicycle, the tension on the bicycle wheel should be set so that the rider can pedal at a cadence of 60 rotations per minute. As they progress, riders can gradually increase the tension and the cadence up to 90 rotations per minute. A recumbent stationary bicycle is both secure and comfortable. It has a contoured chair that even a person who has had a stroke can sit in. Also, if one leg is paralyzed, toe clips can hold both feet in place, so that the person can pedal with one leg. A recumbent stationary bicycle is a particularly good choice for older people, many of whom have weak upper leg muscles. Having weak upper leg muscles makes rising from a squatting position, getting up from a chair without using the hands, or walking up stairs without holding on to the railing difficult.
You can also use an exercise bike and watch your favorite TV show while you exercise. These bikes are simple to use and can be adjusted to whatever level you feel comfortable with. Try to be careful when you first start not to do too much at a time or you will be feeling sore and can suffer from exhaustion.
You can go for long or short bicycle rides. And can do as much or as little as you want. It is advisable to start small and work up to avoid sore muscles. Always remember to drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration and the buildup of lactic acid, which can cause exhaustion and aching muscles.
When you bicycle for exercise you will be using most of your muscles and improving your blood circulation. This makes it a very complete way of exercising. When you improve your blood circulation, you will improve the health of your entire body and get rid of toxins from your body.
You can have fun and improve your overall health as well when you bicycle.
When changing your diet, it can be stressful. So, try a positive focus and ease into your change. If you want to eat better, for example, concentrate on adding more nutritious foods, such as fresh fruits and vegetables, with every meal. It will not take long before some of your unhealthy choices will be replaced by new positive ones with habit.
Body fat percentage is simply the percentage of fat your body contains. If you are 150 pounds and 10% fat, it means that your body consists of 15 pounds fat and 135 pounds lean body mass (bone, muscle, organ tissue, blood and everything else).
A certain amount of fat is essential to bodily functions. Fat regulates body temperature, cushions and insulates organs and tissues and is the main form of the body's energy storage. The following table describes body fat ranges and their associated categories:
Body fat measurements and the measuring tape are recognized as superior methods for measuring "weight loss". When one declares that they want to "lose weight", what they often mean is that they want to lose fat. So, now that you've had your body fat percentage measured, what does the number really mean?
QT: Drinking too little water can hamper your weight loss efforts. That's because dehydration can slow your metabolism by 3 percent, or about 45 fewer calories burned a day, which in a year could mean weighing 5 pounds more. The key to water isn't how much you drink; it's how frequently you drink it. Small amounts sipped often work better than 8 ounces gulped down at once.
QT: If you eat fewer calories than you burn, you will lose weight. But when you're hungry all the time, eating fewer calories can be challenging, but obtainable.. You can do it.
WEIGHT LOSS & HONEY:
Daily in the morning one half hour before
breakfast on an empty stomach and at night before sleeping,
Excuse for being a Chocoholic:
Romantic lore commonly identifies chocolate as an aphrodisiac. The reputed
aphrodisiac qualities of chocolate are most often associated with the simple
sensual pleasure of its consumption. More recently, it has been suggested
that theobromine and other chemicals found in chocolate, most notably
phenethylamine, can act as mild sexual stimulants. While there is no firm
proof that chocolate is indeed an aphrodisiac, a gift of chocolate is a
familiar courtship ritual, and it certainly is delicious.
The Good News: A study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition this past fall compared a traditional American diet to the same diet rich in flavonoids from chocolate (consuming a daily cocoa powder beverage and dark chocolate). What they found was that the group supplemented with the chocolate products had modest reductions in the oxidation of the "bad" cholesterol, LDL compared to the control diet. This means the LDL-cholesterol was less apt to form a plaque on the arterial wall. Additional preliminary research on chocolate shows it can also favorably affect blood clotting and the relaxation of blood vessels.
Many chocolate products, such as cocoa powder and chocolate syrup, are typically processed with alkali, removing most of these beneficial flavonoids in the process. And milk chocolate (milk and white chocolate are combined with sugar and other fats, which negate cocoa's health benefits) has fewer of these beneficial chemicals than does dark chocolate.
So what are you to do? Until further research is conducted, focus on foods proven to help enhance heart health and prevent disease - fruits, vegetables and whole grains for example. But, allow yourself to enjoy a small piece of dark chocolate or chocolate product once in a while. Many manufacturers make great bite-sized pieces of dark chocolate that can help fulfill that chocolate craving. Nonfat chocolate puddings or hot chocolate mixes are another great option. Remember, most chocolate products (candy bars, confections, cocoa powder, chocolate syrups) are traditionally high in calories and total fat, so incorporate these foods into your diet with discretion.
Steps to cure the craving.
-Changing anything about your diet can be difficult. It's
important to set a few small, measurable goals along the way so do this
FYI: Research studies have concluded that factors in affecting successful weight loss and weight maintenance found that success was not only affected by an individual’s social supports and stress-coping strategies, but was also impacted by establishing a physically active lifestyle and a regular eating habits, which included breakfast.
Eating regularly throughout the day when hungry and stopping when hunger ends; choosing healthful foods that promote sustained energy most of the time, while allowing an occasional treat to avoid feeling deprived; enjoying some kind of physical activity for at least an hour each day.
Diet and Exercise programs should not be followed without first consulting a health care professional. If you have any special health conditions requiring attention, you should consult with your health care professional regularly regarding possible modification of this program.
Avocados are rich in potassium, fiber, folate, and vitamin K, and they are cholesterol free.
is an ideal way to develop a balanced fitness program and has several
benefits, whether you are a serious athlete or just someone interested in
becoming more fit and active.
Good training exercises:
With cross training, you can do one form of exercise each day, or more than one in a day. If you do both on the same day, you can change the order in which you do them. You can easily tailor cross-training to your needs and interests; mix and match you sports and change your routine on a regular basis.
Exercise can strengthen the cardiovascular system, bones, muscles and joints.
“Each illness has its cause, and the
cause cannot be removed by any medication”.
We eat and
drink them and impose them upon ourselves repeatedly and regularly. Most
drugs, food additives, and allergens can create toxic elements in the body.
In fact, any substance can have toxicity--water, sodium, and almost all
nutrients can be a problem in certain circumstances.
A toxin is basically any substance that creates irritating and/or harmful effects in the body, undermining our health or stressing our biochemical or organ functions. This may result from drugs which have side effects, or from patterns of physiology that are different from our usual functioning. Recreational drugs also usually have some harmful effects. The free radicals irritate, inflame, age, and cause degeneration of body tissues. Negative "ethers," psychic and spiritual influences, thought patterns, and negative emotions all can be toxins as well--both as stressors and by changing the normal physiology of the body and possibly producing specific symptoms.
Detoxifying the colon has become one of the most popular therapies commonly recommended by natural health practitioners. For good reason since more than 50 percent of the immune system is located in or around the digestive system, especially the large intestine. This means that until the colon is thoroughly cleansed and the toxins removed, nutrients will not absorb properly, and digestion will be hindered – leading to constipation, gas, bloating, IBS, headaches, bad breath, allergy symptoms, PMS, fatigue, depression, irritability, frequent infections and weight gain.
there are a number of colon detox programs available to help you scrub and
remove hardened fecal matter, toxic materials and parasites from the colon.
Knowing how important it is to cleanse the bowels as a first step to obtaining
and maintaining good health.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF TOXICITY
How do you know when it's time to free your body of accumulated toxins, parasites and other waste materials? If you experience one or more of the following, then it's time to detoxify:
-A few days
or weeks before beginning a cleansing diet, it is a good idea to eat only
whole grains, fresh fruits and vegetables to prepare the body. Eliminate all
processed foods, coffee, tea, sugar, alcohol, tobacco and red meat
QT. Nutritionists have found that food loaded with flavor will stimulate your taste buds and be more satisfying so you won't eat as much, so, add spices or chilies to your food for a flavor boost that can help you feel comfortable.
High-protein diets: These high-protein diets are some of the unhealthiest diets for many reasons; They're popular because they target the emphasis on protein. But high-protein diets have been implicated in heart disease, osteoporosis, obesity, and many other chronic disease conditions found in the United States. Think before you jump.
Quick Tips on Eating less, Exercise more, and making it a lifelong habit
Avocados are rich in potassium, fiber, folate, and vitamin K, and any
way you slice them, they are cholesterol-free.
You can do it.
contains many compounds that can reduce hardening of the arteries
(atherosclerosis) and even the risk of cancer.
It's very easy to choose the diet friendly foods at home
where you have control over each dish. But you don't have to give up that
control at a restaurant.
Weight-Loss tip: Use Cooking Spray instead of Butter or Oil. You can save hundreds of calories every time you cook for your family.
Nutrition experts from the Harvard School of Public Health created the Healthy Eating Pyramid. It is based on the best available scientific evidence about the links between diet and health. This new pyramid fixes fundamental flaws in the USDA pyramid and offers sound information to help people make better choices about what to eat.
QT: Food that is loaded with flavor will stimulate your taste buds and be more satisfying so you won't eat as much. Also, eating slowly will provide you with the chance to actually taste & savor your food.
Exercise balls make great tools for exercising -
particularly in developing core strength, functional training, strengthening
the back and the abdominal muscles, increasing your balance and stability,
improving and increasing the challenge in your workouts and preventing
injuries. Exercise balls can be used in three different main categories of
exercise or training: weight training, abdominal training and flexibility
When you use a exercise ball to do crunches, for example, you're using more than just the abdomens rectus. Many other muscles have to help out, acting as stabilizers, and this makes the exercise much more powerful and effective than if you were on a mat doing simple crunches. The same goes for an endless list of traditional exercises. The exercise ball really is a great innovation to the fitness industry.
Here are a few benefits you can get from spending a half-hour a day working with an exercise ball:
Selecting an Exercise Ball
balls come in several different sizes. When selecting an exercise ball, you
should sit on the ball first. Your feet should be flat on the floor with even
weight distribution. Knees should be level or slightly lower than the pelvis,
creating a 90-degree angle at the hips and knees with thighs parallel to the
ground. Exercise balls come in five diametrical sizes according to a person’s
height. When purchasing a ball, it will come with visual information and
diagrams for working out and specifying which activity benefits which part of
Lying on the floor, have your legs extended straight up with the ball between your feet. Arms should be resting at your sides, head resting on the floor.
Inhale and move legs down towards the floor to form a 120-degree angle. Hold for 2 seconds.
Exhale, and extend your legs back up and over your head.
Hold for 2 seconds, inhale, and return to start position for one rep.
Always consult your doctor for medical
advice and treatment before starting any program.
When you start out with a workout program - whether the purpose is weight loss exercise or another - you have started a training process that hopefully is going to last for a while. It is important that you are aware of some factors that can decrease your motivation for the exercising or even damage your health - while you are executing your training program. Even a few minor mistakes in your workout can easily accumulate to bad habits over time, kicking you off track, and that is not the purpose with good exercise. Below I'll go through a few of these.
Experts say, is to talk less and move more - and to decrease your rest periods between exercises.
If you don't give your body a chance to recover between exercises, it must get in better condition in order to repair itself for the next bout of activity -- so you're automatically getting more out of each workout
By decreasing rest periods, you can also do more work in the same amount of time, he says, and that means better (and faster) results.
Even in a 30-minute workout, reducing rest periods will also increase your challenge level - which, in turn, will increase your body's ability to recover. So you end up in better shape without increasing your workout time.
The idea is not to increase intensity, but to challenge your body by forcing it to recover more quickly, the more you move in any given time period, the easier it becomes to keep moving.
Impatience is probably most people's worst enemy when it comes to staying on track with your workout plan. It is so easy to get distracted, especially if you feel the recent progress with your exercise has been slow. You must be aware that physical training won't do miracles over-night. Only faithful and diligent exercising and workout, day after day, week after week, month after month will prove results.
Looking back; maybe you're one who hasn't trained or exercised for years, maybe not at all. How many years did it take to put you in the physical shape and fitness condition you were in before you started regular exercising? Do not expect results in one week - take a look back and try to feel the difference after 3 to 6 months of exercising. If you are that patient, you'll definitely see results of your workout effort.
The measurement stick should always be the fitness and shape you were in before you started the exercising, and every improvement you do, are with references to this. If you do that, your expectations to the results of your exercise and workouts will be realistic, and you'll be amazed of how good you really can be.
Especially in the startup phase of a training program, some people are exercising so hard that they simply get exhausted or burned out. If you start your training program exceeding your present capabilities and if you have not been exercising since you were a kid - you probably won't be able to jog or workout for the next 14 days.
Your muscles will hurt so much and your legs will be so stiff after your mega exercise that you have to lay down and wait until you are able to exercise again. This is not very motivating. Start out the exercising very carefully and light - that is especially important if you have not done much training before.
-Doing exercises the wrong way
This can really be damaging, especially with anaerobic exercises. If you are training at a fitness center you should make sure you've got all the instructions you need from the trainer before you do any workout. One little mistake in your exercise can damage your back for a long time, and even permanently.
Works: Upper and middle back and shoulders
· Stand to the left of a chair, feet hip-width apart. Hold a dumbbell in your right hand with your palm facing in. Pull your abdominals in and bend forward from the hips so your back has a slight arch and you are roughly parallel to the floor, knees slightly bent. Put your left hand on the chair's seat for balance. Tilt your chin toward your chest so your neck is in line with the rest of your spine. Your right hand will be in front of your right shin.
· Pull your right arm up along the side of your body until your elbow points to the ceiling and your hand brushes against your waist.
· Slowly lower the weight back down. Complete the reps, and then switch sides.
Works: Chest, abdominals, shoulders, and arms
· Lie on your stomach, knees bent and ankles crossed. Place your palms on the floor a bit to the side and in front of your shoulders. Tuck your chin a few inches into your chest so your forehead faces the floor.
· Straighten your arms and lift your body so you are balanced on your palms and knees, abdominals tight. Be careful not to lock your elbows.
· Bend your elbows and lower your entire body at once. Rather than trying to touch your chest to the floor, lower just until your upper arms are parallel to the floor. Push back up.
· Hold a dumbbell in each hand and stand with your feet hip-width apart. Let your arms hang down at your sides with your palms facing in. Pull your abdominals in, stand tall, and keep your knees relaxed.
· Curl your right arm up, fist close to your shoulder, twisting your palm so that it faces the front of your shoulder at the top of the movement. Slowly lower the dumbbell back down, then repeat with your left arm. Continue alternating until you've completed the set. (One rep consists of a bicep curl with each arm.)
· Stand to the left of a chair. Hold a dumbbell in your right hand, feet hip-width apart. Lean forward at the hips until your upper body is at a 45-degree angle to the floor. Place your free hand on top of the chair for support. Bend your right elbow so that your upper arm is parallel to the floor, your forearm perpendicular to it, and your palm facing in. Keep your elbow close to your waist. Pull your abdominals in and don't lock your knees.
· Keeping your upper arm still, straighten your arm behind you until the end of the dumbbell is pointing down. Slowly bend your arm to lower the weight for one rep. When you've completed the set, repeat with your left arm.
Works: Shoulders, arms
· Hold a dumbbell in each hand and sit up tall on a chair that has firm back support. Place your feet on the floor, hip-width apart. Pull your abdominals in so there is a slight gap between the small of your back and the back of the chair.
· With palms forward, bend the elbows and raise the dumbbells up so they are level with your ears. Elbows should be at or just below shoulder height.
· Straighten arms up over your head, without locking elbows, then slowly lower to start.
Be careful not to pull your neck forward of the rest of your spine by sticking the chin out; don't hold your breath, and keep elbows out of your line of vision to keep chest and shoulders open.
do crunches with your feet off the floor and knees bent. This will keep your feet on the floor, many people tend to arch the back and engage the hip flexors.
Crunches can be excellent, "but if they're not done correctly, with the back arching", they can actually weaken the abdominals.
· Hold a light- or medium-weight dumbbell in each hand standing next to the bench lengthwise.
· Step up with right foot onto the middle of the bench; hold for 3 counts with left leg lifted to side.
· Step down with left foot and tap down with the right.
· Immediately step back up to the bench with right foot.
· Do all reps on this leg, rest for 30 seconds, then switch sides.
The Bicycle exercise
Bicycle/Cycling is an excellent exercise, especially for people who are overweight, because it is "low impact", meaning that you don't cause injury to the feet, knees and hips like you do when you run.
work out to the point at which you begin to feel a little out of breath, but
not much beyond that. Just get your pulse and breathing rates up, but don't
go to the point where you're panting for breath. Maintain your exercise for a
half hour or more, 3 or 4 times a week, and you'll see an improvement. As you
get into shape you'll notice that you need to work
harder to get to that point of being a little out of breath, but that's the
target zone, so just be pleased with the progress and continue to push
To do this exercise correctly:
1. Lie face up on the floor
and lace your fingers behind your head.
Targets both your quads
and your glutes
that you imagine sitting on your back foot. "The trailing leg is the one
you need to sit down on",
· Stand with knees slightly bent, feet shoulder-width apart, holding medium or heavy dumbbells in each hand with weights at sides, elbows slightly bent, palms in and abs tight.
· Slowly slide dumbbell down outside of right thigh as far as you can, bending torso to right while keeping hips square.
· Hold for 2 seconds, then slowly draw weight back up thigh to start.
· Repeat all reps to right; switch sides.
There is no easy quick way to diet that will not have
detrimental effects in some way to your body.
People want to believe that in this age of scientific innovations and medical knowledge, miraculous and effortless weight-loss methods exist. "Eat All You Want and Still Lose Weight!" or "Melt Fat Away While You Sleep!" These diets often promote quick weight loss through means that merely result in losing body water, glycogen stores, and lean muscle mass.
For the food groups that these diets do permit, the proportions are either well above or well below those recommended by major health organizations such as the American Heart Association and the American Dietetic Association, as well as the Surgeon General and the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Some common claims of these diets include blaming particular hormones for weight gain, suggesting that food can change body chemistry, or touting or banning a particular food. However, they all have one thing in common: They offer only a temporary solution to what for many people is a lifelong and chronic condition. Once the diet is stopped, the lost weight is usually regained quickly, and when weight is lost rapidly, chances are it is not fat that is lost but water weight and precious muscle -- but when it is regained, it is usually all gained as fat
Dietary fiber, also known as roughage or bulk, includes all parts of plant foods that your body can't digest or absorb. Unlike other food components such as fats, proteins or carbohydrates — which your body breaks down and absorbs — fiber isn't digested by your body. Therefore, it passes virtually unchanged through your stomach and small intestine and into your colon.
Fiber is often classified into two categories: those that don't dissolve in water (insoluble fiber) and those that do (soluble fiber).
The amount of each type of fiber varies in different plant foods. To receive the greatest health benefit, eat a wide variety of high-fiber foods.
Benefits of a high-fiber diet
A high-fiber diet has many benefits which aid in weight loss. High-fiber foods generally require more chewing time, which gives your body time to register when you're no longer hungry, so you're less likely to overeat. Also, a high-fiber diet tends to make a meal feel larger and linger longer, so you stay full for a greater amount of time. And high-fiber diets also tend to be less "energy dense," which means they have fewer calories for the same volume of food.
How much fiber do you need each day? The National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine, which provides science-based advice on matters of medicine and health, gives the following daily recommendations for adults:
Your best fiber choices
If you aren't getting enough fiber each day, you may need to boost your intake. Good choices include:
Refined or processed foods — such as fruit juice, white bread and pasta, and non-whole-grain cereals — are lower in fiber content. The grain-refining process removes the outer coat (bran) from the grain, which lowers its fiber content. Similarly, removing the skin from fruits and vegetables decreases their fiber content.
So what foods are your best bets? This list shows the amount of dietary fiber in several types of foods.
content can vary between brands.
Whole foods rather than fiber supplements are generally better. Many Fiber supplements —do not provide the vitamins, minerals and other beneficial nutrients that high-fiber foods do. However, some people may still need a fiber supplement if dietary changes aren't sufficient, or if they have certain medical conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome. Check with your health care provider if you feel you need to take fiber supplements.
Of great importance when dieting and achieving your
specific weight loss goal. A gradual approach takes the stress out of dieting
and lets you progress at your own pace from a period of accelerated weight
loss to a lifetime of healthy weight maintenance, and it is essential that
you consume at least 35 grams of fiber every day.
Fiber is particularly important in reducing the risk of colorectal cancer, the second-leading cause of cancer-related death in the United States.
There are absolutely benefits. The added weights will
help you add a little extra muscle and burn a few extra calories. They create
more tension so your muscles have to work harder to move, using more energy,
therefore working harder and burning calories, leading to burning fat.
Gastric bypass surgery is one type of procedure that can be used to cause significant weight loss if you are very obese. The surgery reduces your body's intake of calories. Calorie reduction is accomplished in two ways:
The surgery is only right for you if you meet certain strict criteria described later in this article.
Prior to any weight loss operation, your doctor will give you a complete medical examination and evaluate your overall health.
A psychological evaluation will be given to you. This will determine whether you are ready to adhere to a healthier lifestyle. If you are not ready to make lifestyle changes (and have not tried hard to do so already), you will not be considered eligible for the procedure. Without changing your lifestyle, the surgery will not be a success.
You will also receive extensive nutritional counseling before (and after) your surgery.
The surgery is performed under anesthesia. There are two basic steps:
This "y-connection" allows food to mix with pancreatic fluid and bile, aiding the absorption of important vitamins and minerals. You still may experience poor absorption of certain nutrients.
The risk of malabsorption is of greater concern in gastric surgeries that skip over a larger portion of the small intestines. These are performed much less commonly than the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass as described.
Gastric bypass can be performed using a laparoscope. This less-invasive technique allows the surgeon to make smaller incisions, which lowers the risk of large scars and hernias after the procedure.
First, small incisions are made in your abdomen. The surgeon passes slender surgical instruments through these narrow openings. The surgeon also passes a camera (laparoscope) through one of these small openings and watches through a lens and video monitor to do the surgery.
TYPES OF WEIGHT LOSS SURGERIES
Weight loss surgery can be divided into three types:
Gastric bypass surgeries are combination procedures that use both restriction and malabsorption to achieve weight loss.
Because it is a combination approach, it tends to be more successful for weight loss than purely restrictive surgeries. However, your body may not absorb vitamins and minerals properly.
Restrictive-only procedures are not as successful. It is easy to "cheat" and eat too much food, over-stretching the newly created stomach pouch.
A newer procedure, called the Lap-Band, uses a band around the upper part of the stomach, creating a small pouch to hold food. The band limits the amount of food you can eat, and increases the time it takes the intestines to digest the food. Your doctor can later adjust the band to allow food to pass more slowly or quickly through your digestive system. Possible complications include nausea, vomiting and gastroesophageal reflux.
Gastric bypass surgery may be an option if you are significantly obese and have tried unsuccessfully to lose weight on diet and exercise programs and are unlikely to lose weight successfully with non-surgical methods.
Gastric bypass surgery is not a "quick fix" for obesity. The surgery can take several hours and has risks and possible complications. For example, vomiting following the surgery is not uncommon because of eating more than the new, small stomach can accommodate.
Your commitment to diet and exercise must be very strong because even after the surgery, you must adhere to these lifestyle changes. Otherwise, complications from the surgery are likely to develop.
The procedure may be considered for obese individuals who have:
Not everyone is a candidate for the laparoscopic (minimally invasive) approach. You are probably NOT a good candidate for laparoscopy if you weigh more than 350 pounds. Others who have had past abdominal surgery may also not be candidates, due to scar tissue. Your surgeon will determine the best and safest approach for you.
The risks of gastric bypass surgery include:
Follow up surgeries may be less likely if gastric bypass is performed with a laparoscope.
Another common complication from gastric bypass is "dumping syndrome." The symptoms often include:
You can lessen these symptoms by following your dietitian's guidelines very carefully, especially during the first two months after surgery.
The weight loss results of gastric bypass surgery are generally good. Most patients lose an average of 10 pounds per month and reach a stable weight between 18 and 24 months after surgery. Often, the greatest rate of weight loss occurs in the very beginning (that is, just following the surgery when you are still on a liquid diet).
After the surgery, you will need to follow up with your doctor fairly often during the first year. During those visits, your physician will be evaluating your physical and mental health status, including any change in weight and your nutritional needs. You will likely see a dietitian during those visits as well.
The surgery is not a solution in and of itself. While it can train you to eat smaller quantities and feel full more quickly, you still have to do much of the work. To achieve weight loss and avoid complications from the procedure, you must exercise and eat properly -- according to important, healthy guidelines that your doctor and nutritionist will teach you.
Most people typically stay in the hospital for a few days or less after gastric bypass surgery. Some may need to stay 4 - 5 days. Your doctor will approve your discharge to home once you can do the following:
You will remain on liquid or pureed food for several weeks after the surgery. Even after that time, you will feel full very quickly, sometimes only being able to take a few bites of solid food. This is because the new stomach pouch initially only holds a tablespoonful of food. The pouch eventually expands. However, it will hold no more than about one cup of thoroughly chewed food (a normal stomach can hold up to one quart).
Upon follow up, your doctor will determine if you need replacement of iron, calcium, vitamin B12, or other nutrients. Supplements, such as a multivitamin with minerals, will be prescribed to provide any nutrients that you may not be getting from your diet. This lack of nutrients can occur because you are eating less and because the food moves through your digestive system more quickly.
Once your diet begins to consist of more solid food, remember to chew each bite very slowly and thoroughly.
You will be instructed on eating small meals frequently throughout the day, rather than large meals that your stomach cannot accommodate.
Your new stomach probably won’t be able to handle both solid food and fluids at the same time. So, you should separate fluid and food intake by at least 30 minutes and only sip what you are drinking.
You won’t be able to tolerate large amounts of fat, alcohol, or sugar. You should reduce your fat intake, especially fast food meals, deep-fried foods, and high-fat foods, as well as high-sugar foods like cakes, cookies, and candy.
Exercise and the support of others (for example, joining a support group with people who have undergone weight loss surgery) are extremely important to help you lose weight and maintain that loss following gastric bypass. You can generally resume exercise 6 weeks after the operation. Even sooner than that, you will be able to take short walks at a comfortable pace, with the approval and guidance of your doctor. Exercise improves your metabolism, while both exercise and attending a group support can boost your self-esteem and help you stay motivated.
The GI values are a measure of 1 to 100 where pure glucose has a value of 100
Traditional complex carbohydrates like rice and potatoes were absorbed slowly, and that simple and refined carbohydrates, like candies and jams resulted in a sharp rise in blood sugar. This is not always the case. There are more considerations involved than just simple vs complex or refined vs. natural.
Eating foods with a low GI value tend to provide a feeling of fullness for longer and therefore assist those trying to eat less or lose weight. Diabetics can now choose their foods in a more controlled manner.
The GI factor is not the key to all weight loss, but it is another excellent another tool. A diet rich in low GI foods is a good diet, provided that there is nutritional variety.
training, you alternate between bursts of higher-intensity exercise and
periods of less-intense exercise (or "active rest"). As you get
more fit, you decrease the "rest" time and increase the
high-intensity periods. You'll see big fitness gains if you train this way
According to the American College of Sports Medicine, more calories are burned in short, high intensity exercise. If you are counting calories burned, high intensity exercise such as intervals are better than long, slow endurance exercise, but you may pay a price, there are dangers in intensity exercise, so read up, before you begin this regime.
If you now run for 30 minutes at 6 mph, try jogging for five minutes to warm up. Then, increase your speed to 6.0 mph for one to two minutes (don't push it, if you can't go that long). Then, jog for a few minutes at your normal speed, then again at the faster speed, and so on until you reach your time limit. Your ratio of work to active rest would be 2:3 if you ran for two minutes at 6.0-6.5 mph, then jogged for three minutes at 6 mph.
You can also use your heart rate to set intervals. For example, if your heart rate hits 70% of your maximum when you jog at 6 mph, start at that speed. Then increase either your speed or elevation (if you're on a treadmill) to get your heart rate to 85% or 90% of maximum for one to three minutes. Then, go back to jogging at the 70% heart rate, and continue alternating.
As your fitness improves, your heart rate will be lower at the higher speeds, and then you can spend more time at those speeds. A good starting ratio of work to active rest is 1:3; you can always vary the ratios if they turn out to be too hard or too easy.
Those who train for sports fitness, recommend interval training just once a week to start, as it is more intense than one is usually used to. Once you get the hang for it, you can do it more often.
Quicktip: Eating a diet rich in fiber helps keep your digestive system healthy and can lower your risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Women need at least 25 grams fiber every day and men need more than 35 grams.
Used for centuries as natural components in health-promoting foods.
Probiotics are the latest in the category of good-for-you foods. Basically, they are "good" bacteria added to foods or occurring naturally in certain yogurts, fermented dairy drinks, and in supplement form. Probiotics have been used as a form of treatment for a variety of gastrointestinal diseases including irritable bowel, lactose intolerance, traveler's diarrhea, and antibiotic-induced diarrhea.
Science is not entirely sure, but surmise that the good bacteria replace or crowd out the germs or bad bacteria in the intestinal tract. Another theory is that the good bugs keep the intestinal tract acidic where bad bugs can't survive. Our digestive tracts are lined with more than 400 different kinds of good bacteria that help fight off infection and keep us healthy. The largest group of good bacteria is the one found in yogurt. By consuming foods with probiotics, you can increase the number of healthy bacteria, boost your immunity, and promote a healthy digestive system.
Yogurt is a terrific snack or part of a healthy meal and is a nutritional powerhouse, containing an excellent source of calcium (450 milligrams per cup) and protein (13 grams per cup). Choose yogurts with live and active cultures that are low-fat or nonfat without lots of extra sugar. Do pay close attention to the expiration date; live cultures do diminish in time.
Probiotics are not an end-all to prevent or cure disease,
but they are considered safe since the good bacteria are already a part of
the digestive system. They offer a quick and easy first line of defense along
with a healthy diet.
Managing Lactose Intolerance
As lactic acid bacteria (LAB) actively convert lactose into lactic acid, ingestion of certain active strains may help lactose intolerant individuals tolerate more lactose than what they would have otherwise. In practice probiotics are not specifically targeted for this purpose, as most are relatively low in lactase activity as compared to the normal yogurt bacteria.
Prevention of Colon Cancer
In laboratory investigations, some strains of LAB have demonstrated anti-mutagenic effects thought to be due to their ability to bind with heterocyclic amines; carcinogenic substances formed in cooked meat. Animal studies have demonstrated that some LAB can protect against colon cancer in rodents, though human data is limited and conflicting. Most human trials have found that the strains tested may exert anti-carcinogenic effects by decreasing the activity of an enzyme called β-glucuronidase (which can generate carcinogens in the digestive system). Lower rates of colon cancer among higher consumers of fermented dairy products have been observed in some population studies.
Animal studies have demonstrated the efficacy of a range of LAB to be able to lower serum cholesterol levels, presumably by breaking down bile in the gut, thus inhibiting its re-absorption (which enters the blood as cholesterol). Some, but not all human trials have shown that dairy foods fermented with specific LAB can produce modest reductions in total and LDL cholesterol levels in those with normal levels to begin with, however trials in hyperlipidemic subjects are needed.
Lowering Blood Pressure
Several small clinical trials have shown that consumption of milk fermented with various strains of LAB can result in modest reductions in blood pressure. It is thought that this is due to the ACE inhibitor-like peptides produced during fermentation.
Improving Immune Function and Preventing Infections
LAB are thought to aid in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infections (which cause peptic ulcers) in adults when used in combination with standard medical treatments.
A meta-analysis suggested probiotics may reduce antibiotic-associated diarrhea. A subsequent randomized controlled trial also found benefit in elderly patients.
LAB foods and supplements have been found to modulate inflammatory and hypersensitivity responses, an observation thought to be at least in part due to the regulation of cytokine function. Clinical studies suggest that they can prevent reoccurrences of inflammatory bowel disease in adults, as well as improve milk allergies and decrease the risk of atopic eczema in children.
Improving Mineral Absorption
It is hypothesized that probiotic lactobacilli may help correct malabsorption of trace minerals, found particularly in those with diets high in phytate content from whole grains, nuts, and legumes.
Prevents Harmful Bacterial Growth Under Stress
In a study done to see the effects of stress on intestinal flora, rats that were fed probiotics had little occurrence of harmful bacteria latched onto their intestines compared to rats that were fed sterile water.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Colitis
Points to Consider
defined as the ability to quickly react to outside stimuli without losing
balance, stability or postural alignment. Jumping rope, playing catch,
working outside in your yard, or simply playing with a child. these are
excellent methods for developing agility.
The Institute of Health's Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) recommendations allow for a wide range of protein intake -- anywhere from 10% to 35% of total calories -- for normal, healthy adults. For example, on an 1,800-calorie diet, you could safely consume anywhere from 45 grams (that's 10% of calories) to 218 grams (35%) of protein per day.
diet provides adequate protein. Protein supplements are rarely needed by
The amount of recommended daily protein depends upon your age and health. Two to three servings of protein-rich food will meet the daily needs of most adults.
The following are the recommended serving sizes for protein:
Select lean meat, poultry without skin, fish, and dried beans, and low-fat or fat-free dairy products often. These are the protein choices that are the lowest in fat.
Amino acids are organic compounds that combine to form proteins. When proteins are digested, amino acids are left. The human body requires a number of amino acids to grow and breakdown food.
Amino acids are classified into two groups:
A diet based on an increased intake of foods high in protein have been shown in a number of studies to give an added boost to dieters by helping them increase weight loss, increase loss of body fat, and reduce the loss of muscle tissue.
It's recommended that your diet should contain 25 to 35 percent protein for weight loss and between 20 to 25 percent protein for weight maintenance. In either situation the protein in the food should be high quality.
Protein requires more energy to digest than other foods helping you to use more calories and therefore may help with weight loss.
Also, protein helps to preserve lean muscle tissue while you lose fat. If your body doesn't get enough protein and the important essential amino acids on a daily basis it will simple take the protein from existing muscle tissue.
Protein foods also help to slow down the absorption of glucose into the bloodstream. This in turn reduces hunger by reducing insulin levels and making it easier for the body to burn fat.
Protein' regardless of the types of foods high in protein it comes from, contains 4 calories per gram.
Next to water, protein is the most plentiful substance in the body. Muscles, skin, eyes, individual cells and your immune system are just a few of your body parts comprised primarily of protein.
Protein is the main building block of your body. It's essential that your entire body receives enough protein from food to ensure proper growth and maintenance. Protein foods also provide you with essential amino acids that your body cannot manufacture itself.
These consist of
food that has not been cooked, pasteurized, processed, or
heated above 115 degrees F.
exercise tubing and bands are terrific alternatives to dumbbells and other
resistance exercise equipment. They are inexpensive, portable, pack well for
road trips, won't dent the floor or mash your toe if you drop them, and you
can perform every dumbbell exercise with them and more. The difference
between tubing and bands is that bands are flat sheets of thin elastic
rubber, usually six to eight inches wide, and come with or without a handle,
while tubing is round and almost always sold with handles. The tubing bungies
are easier to use because of the handles, and they tend to last longer than
Tubes and bands come in different colors to represent different resistance higher resistance is accomplished by making the rubber thicker but since manufacturers use different color coding systems and typically provide no information about the level of resistance of each color, it's hard to know how they compare to dumbbells and machines in terms of weight. In other words, are you lifting five pounds with a yellow tube or 10 pounds with a green band?
Follow the same principles with elastic tubes that you would with dumbbells. Be sure to warm up and cool down, do stretches in "sets", and let your mussels rest for at least a day or two between workouts.
One of the difficulties in identifying the amount of resistance is that tension in rubber changes as you stretch it. For instance, the tension in an exercise tube when you first start to pull on it during a biceps curl is less than when you fully stretch it. In fact, some research shows that tension is not constant in the tube until it is stretched beyond 50% of its starting length, while other research shows that tension may not be constant until the elastic is stretched more than two and a half times its original length. The mechanical stretch properties of elastic vary based on thickness, age of the rubber, how much it is used, how quickly it is stretched, and other factors, and so it's difficult to quantify with certainty the "weight" of each tube or band that you stretch.
However, in one well-executed study, researchers were able to quantify the weight-equivalent of tubing and bands using sophisticated strain gauges. They measured tubing and bands from the Thera-Band Company (yellow, red, green, blue, black, and sliver tubing; yellow, green, and black bands) and stretched them under many different conditions. They found the following when the elastic was stretched to twice (or 100% of) its starting length:
Stretching each tube and band another 100% in this study yielded about one and a half times more tension, so when the green tube was stretched to 200% of its original length, the weight equivalent was approximately seven pounds. Keep in mind that not all manufacturers use the same color or quality of rubber, so these values are specific only to the tubes and bands used in the study. Also keep in mind that rubber loses its elasticity after many uses. One study showed that tension started to decrease slightly after just 50 full (100%) stretches, while in another study it took 500 stretches to reduce the tension in the bands and tubes by 12% and 6%, respectively. Whether you will notice the difference is hard to say, and so you should pay attention to the resistance over time. You can purchase new tubes or bands if you notice the elasticity decreasing, or alternatively, increase the tension by wrapping them around your hands a few times and shortening them. Shortening the elastic increases the tension (another benefit of tubes and bands).
Using Tubing and Bands
Cardiorespiratory fitness (aerobic fitness or "cardio") is the ability of your heart to pump stronger and more efficiently and your muscles to use oxygen more efficiently. As you get more aerobically fit, your heart will pump more blood and oxygen with each beat (this is called "stroke volume") and your muscles will extract (or consume) more oxygen. Running improves your aerobic fitness by increasing the activity of enzymes and hormones that stimulate the muscles and the heart to work more efficiently.
important is that you maintain some type of exercise once you reach your goal
weight, because it's generally accepted that exercise is the single best
predictor of keeping your weight off. Whether you walk or run won't matter
The following tips for correct running form are adapted from "Runner's World Magazine" and "Jeff Galloway".
Head: You should look forward toward the horizon when you run. To do that, keep your head on top of your spine and do not bend forward or look down at your feet. Your head weighs at least 13 pounds, and you don't want it dragging you down with forward-head posture! The emphasis is on keeping your body erect, because you're fighting gravity when you lean forward (it's okay if you look down at the ground at least 20 feet ahead of you since you won't lean forward to do that). Keep your face and jaw relaxed, too; it's okay if they shake and bounce as you run.
Shoulders: Keep them relaxed and loose. Shrugging, tightening, and creating tension in your shoulders and neck will waste energy and deplete you quickly. Stay loose as a goose!
Torso: As Jeff Galloway says, "Your torso's only along for the ride." Track coaches describe the ideal posture as running tall, which means that you stretch yourself up to full height with no strain from the torso. This will allow you to breathe maximally and put your body in the optimal biomechanical position for moving forward.
Hips: Your hips are close to your center of gravity and will be in proper alignment if your torso and head are aligned. If you lean forward, your hips will tilt forward too and that will strain your lower back.
Legs: Sprinters lift their knees very high when they run, but for distance running, and even shorter distances, keep your knees low. It takes a lot of energy to lift your knees, and even running a mile will be tough if you do so. Instead, quicker ankle action will help you increase your speed.
Ankles: Your ankles are efficient levers that have the potential for great power when you run. Feel your calf muscles and ankles work as you push off on each step.
Arms: Arms should remain close to the body and swing forward and back and not across your body to minimize torso rotation (the exception is Bill Rodgers who had memorably wide elbows when he ran). Your hands should not cross the midline of your body (imagine a line drawn right down the center of your chest). The swing should be held low, elbows bent at a 90-degree angle and relaxed. You should do most of the work with your lower arms; the upper arms should not move very much.
Hands: Cup your hands by gently touching your thumb to the top half of your index fingers. It's as if you are holding a small bird that you don't want to fly away but you don't want to squeeze too tight either.
Breathing tips: Lift your chest up and out while running to breathe deeply. Also exhale fully; this will increase your inhalation. Keep some focus on your torso, neck, and shoulders, too. Tight muscles will constrict breathing, so work on maintaining a relaxed posture when you run.
Running uphill: Maintain your rhythm and the same level of effort but shorten your stride and slow down as you climb.
Running downhill: Let gravity work so the hill pulls you down, but stay in control. Your stride will lengthen, but don't let it lengthen too much because the pounding will fatigue your legs.
QT: Protein helps preserve muscle mass and encourages fat burning while keeping you feeling full. So be sure to include healthy protein sources, like yogurt, cheese, nuts, or beans, at meals and snacks.
different varieties of lettuce, such as iceberg, leaf, spinach, escarole,
romaine, or butter. The darker lettuces offer more vitamins than pale
iceberg, for example. Spinach has iron, and all varieties are low in
calories. One cup of shredded lettuce has about 5 to 10 calories.
*Calories in Egg Whites
Egg whites are very low in calories, have no fat, no cholesterol, and are loaded with protein. The egg white is less likely than the yolk to harbor dangerous salmonella, but due to the health risks that raw eggs present, consumption is highly discouraged by medical experts. (The yolk is very high in cholesterol, containing more than two-thirds of the recommended daily limit of 300 mg! The good news is the yolk has many health strengths necessary for immunity, healthy skin, nerves and vision. The yolk contains good amounts of B Vitamins, Vitamin A, iron and riboflavin)
Low Calorie Chicken or Tuna salad.
You may feel guilty about snacking, but snacks aren't necessarily bad. In fact, mini meals several times a day can be beneficial. Here's how:
Power Snacks: (Protein rich)
Source: Department of Agriculture
Many have had success with soup diets, although they do take a little getting used to. They are very popular among many, the diet is based on the fact that liquid aliments, such as soups, which are low in calories, will make you feel full and you will not feel the need to eat anything else. These soup diets are also very healthy, especially the soy bean and cabbage soups. These vegetables are very rich in protein and have low amounts of fats. In fact medics have been recommending these types of soups for many tens of years now, for these certain reasons. Many advertised diets, such as the South Beach diet or Weight Watchers include assortments of soups, especially soy bean and lentil. These foods are very efficient in weight loosing because they are easy to digest and contain far fewer calories than any other aliment.
A proper diet and exercise are the mainstays
for a healthy lifestyle, although many Americans turn to costly fad diets and
exercise programs that fail to provide weight loss and a healthy lifestyle.
Gradual weight loss and good health include developing healthy eating habits
and increasing daily physical activity.
lack of sleep is known as insomnia and is termed as sleeplessness. Sleep is a
periodic state of rest for the body, which is very important for its
efficient functioning. It gives relief from tension and worries. The amount
of sleep varies from one person to another. Normally 7-8 hours of sleep every
night is normal. Insomnia deprives the person with mental rest and interferes
with the daily activities.
Up Your Exercise Intensity to Reduce Stress, (within
reason), some common sense is applicable here.
long been touted as a means of improving physical fitness. Recently, research
has made the mind-body connection and found it beneficial to mental health as
well. Exercise can help relieve stress and anxiety by: Some stress is a
normal part of living, and the same circumstances can produce different
levels of stress among different people.
Sugar cravings can really test your willpower. Luckily, sweets can be savored without disrupting your diet. The next time an "I must have sugar now" feeling strikes, satisfy your sweet tooth with one of these diet-friendly delights.
QT: Take your lunch to work. - Eat mostly veggies or fruit for lunch, ideally 1/2 - Sit when you eat -
Can't seem to keep your hand out of the cookie jar? Satisfy your inner cookie monster with a handful of caramel rice cakes, two graham crackers topped with light jelly, or a few vanilla wafers. Hankering for your favorite campfire cookie? Try melting a marshmallow between two chocolate graham crackers to create a more sensible smores.
Some sugar cravings come in the liquid variety. But sweet drinks can be just as detrimental to your diet as that bag of candy. Load your fridge with flavored water, light lemonade, and low-calorie fruit juice. Curl up with a cup of low-fat hot chocolate to curb a late-night sugar craving. And stay away from soda even in its diet disguise. Research shows diet sodas can increase hunger pangs, making it even harder to keep your diet in check.
Outsmart your chocolate appetite by keeping the chocolate flavor, but ditching the calories and fat. Many healthy foods are masked with a chocolate-flavored finish. Low-fat pudding cups, frozen (or regular) yogurt, graham crackers, granola bars, and rice cakes all offer chocolate-flavored varieties. Your taste buds will never know the difference.
QT: Juice has as many calories, ounce for ounce, as soda. Set a limit of one 8-oz glass of fruit juice a day.
Resist the urge to indulge in these high-calorie sweets by opting for a more sensible selection. Craving a piece of cake? Try a slice of angel food cake. When an ice-cream urge hits, opt for low-fat frozen yogurt or a scoop of sorbet. A simple sweet swap is all it takes to have your cake and eat it, too.
Vitamins and minerals intake must be balanced. If not,
increasing dosages of one vitamin may decrease absorption of another.
Niacin is a B complex vitamin that your body needs for
protein, fat and carbohydrate metabolism. When taken in large amounts of more
than 1,000 milligrams a day, the vitamin also lowers elevated blood
cholesterol levels. There are two forms of this vitamin, niacin and
niacinamide, but only niacin has the cholesterol-lowering effect. Niacin also
has a side effect, however-an annoying feeling of warmth and skin flushing
that results from its function of promoting histamine release, which dilates
small blood vessels in the skin.
gender, size, metabolism and activity
level all influence the calories you need to maintain health and steady
weight. In general, men need more calories than women; bigger, younger or
more active people need more calories than smaller, older or the less active.
consult your doctor for medical advice and treatment before starting any
A brisk walk for at least 30
minutes at least five days a week improves your overall health.
to gauge your efforts is in steps. Research shows most people take about
2,000 to 4,000 steps a day. Aim for 10,000 steps a day to really improve your
health. It's not as hard as it might sound. A step counter, or pedometer
Pedometers, also called step counters, clip to a belt or waistband and count the steps the wearer takes during the day.
Calories burned per hour:
Try to add
two minutes to your sessions each week. Remember your walking time should
also include a few minutes to warm up, cool down and stretch. Don't worry if
you can only manage a 10-15 minute walk at first.
Your pace and endurance increases the more you walk.
A common mistake for beginners when trying to walk fast is lengthening the
stride (over-striding). Over-striding is biomechanically inefficient and can
slow you down. It will burn more calories because it's inefficient (which
might be a good thing), but you may burn fewer calories overall because you
don't walk as far due to fatigue.
Walk heel to toe and not flatfooted to increase speed.
Rotate your hips forward and backward as you walk.
1. Keep your torso upright. Leaning forward or back will slow you down.
Keep your elbows at 90 degrees.
Head, neck, and shoulders
1. Keep your shoulders and neck relaxed. Head should be upright, eyes looking forward.
Lack of water can lead to dehydration, a condition that occurs when you don't have enough water in your body to carry on normal functions. Even mild dehydration - as little as a 1 percent to 2 percent loss of your body weight - can sap your energy and make you tired. Dehydration poses a particular health risk for the very young and the very old. Signs and symptoms of dehydration include:
How much water do you
This isn't an easy question to answer. A healthy adult's daily fluid intake can vary widely. Most people drink fluid to quench thirst, to supply perceived water needs and "out of habit." At least three approaches estimate total fluid (water) needs for healthy, sedentary adults living in a temperate climate.
choose any of these fluid intake approaches to gauge your fluid needs. But
your current total fluid intake is probably OK if you drink enough water to
quench your thirst, produce a colorless or slightly yellow normal amount of
urine, and feel well.
vegetables - besides being good sources of vitamins, minerals and fiber -
contain lots of water. For example, oranges are 87 percent water, and
cucumbers are 95 percent water. Milk, juice and other beverages also have
large amounts of water. Conversely, dried fruits, nuts, grain products and
baked goods generally contain less water.
If you're healthy and not in any dehydrating conditions, you can generally use your thirst as an indicator of when to drink water. But thirst isn't always an adequate gauge of your body's need for fluid replenishment. The older you are, the less you're able to sense that you're thirsty. And during vigorous exercise, an important amount of your fluid reserves may be lost before you feel thirsty. So, make sure that you're sufficiently hydrated before, during and after exercise.
Increased thirst and increased urination, both in volume and frequency, can be signs and symptoms of diabetes. With diabetes, excess blood sugar (glucose) in your body draws water from your tissues, making you feel dehydrated. To quench your thirst, you drink a lot of water and other beverages and that leads to more frequent urination. If you notice unexplained increases in your thirst and urination, see your doctor. It may not necessarily mean you have diabetes. It could be something else. And some people consume large amounts of water and experience increased urine output not associated with any underlying disease.
Diabetes - Staying safely
If you drink water from a bottle, thoroughly clean or replace the bottle often. Every time you drink, bacteria from your mouth contaminate water in the bottle. If you use a bottle repeatedly, make sure that the bottle is designed for reuse. To keep it clean, wash your container in hot, soapy water or run it through a dishwasher before refilling it.
Though uncommon, it's
possible to drink too much water. Drinking excessive amounts can overwhelm
your kidneys' ability to get rid of the water. This can lead to hyponatremia,
a condition in which excess water intake dilutes the normal amount of sodium
in the blood. People who are older, who have certain medical conditions such
as congestive heart failure and cirrhosis, or who are taking certain
diuretics are at higher risk of hyponatremia.
QT: Instead of cutting out your favorite foods altogether, be a slim shopper. Buy one fresh bakery cookie instead of a box, or a small portion of candy from the bulk bins instead of a whole bag, rest assured, you will savor it.
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